Food Shopping Practices Are Associated with Dietary Quality in Low-Income Households

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      Nutrition education for low-income audiences often focuses on building skills in food shopping and food resource management to help families receive the best nutrition from the resources they have available. However, empirical evidence for the effect of food shopping practice on dietary quality has been limited. This article presents new analyses from two studies that found an association between food shopping practices and diet quality. Logistic regression of data from 957 respondents from the 1996 National Food Stamp Program Survey found that food shopping practices were significantly (p ≤ .05) associated with the availability of nutrients in the food the households used during a week. Similarly, analysis of baseline data from 5159 women from selected counties of states who participated in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program found that food shopping practices were significantly (p ≤ .05) associated with increased consumption of nutrients as measured through a single 24-hour recall. These findings suggest that food shopping practices are an important area for nutrition education with low-income audiences.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access

      SNEB Member Login

      SNEB Members, full access to the journal is a member benefit. Login via the SNEB Website to access all journal content and features.


      Subscribe to Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Piwoz EG
        • Viteri EF
        Studying health and nutritional behavior by examining household decision-making, intra-household resource distribution, and the role of women in these processes.
        Food Nutr Bull. 1984; 7: 1-31
        • Campbell CC
        • Desjardins E
        A model and research approach for studying the management of limited food resources by low-income families.
        J Nutr Educ. 1989; 21: 162-171
        • U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service
        Nutrition education plan guidance: fiscal year 2001. USDA, Food Stamp Program, Alexandria, VA2000
        • Dinkins J
        Food preparers: their food budgeting, cost-cutting, and meal planning practices.
        Fam Econ Nutr Rev. 1997; 10: 34-37
        • Morton J
        • Guthrie JF
        Diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices of low-income individuals with children in the household.
        Fam Econ Nutr Rev. 1997; 10: 2-15
        • Kendall A
        • Olson CM
        • Frongillo EA
        Relationship of hunger and food insecurity to food availability and consumption.
        J Am Diet Assoc. 1996; 96: 1019-1024
        • Morris PM
        • Neuhauser L
        • Campbell C
        Food security in rural America: a study of the availability and costs of food.
        J Nutr Educ. 1992; 24: 52S-58S
        • Mantovani RE
        • Daft L
        • Macaluso TF
        • Welsh J
        • Hoffman K
        Authorized food stamp retailers characteristics and access study. Report to USDA. Macro International, Calverton, MD1997
        • Ohls JC
        • Ponza M
        • Moreno L
        • Zambrowski A
        • Cohen R
        Food stamp participants' access to food retailers. Contract no. 53-3198-4-025. Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ1999
        • Cohen B
        • Ohls J
        • Andrews M
        • et al.
        Food stamp participants' food security and nutrient availability. Final report to USDA. Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJMarch 1999
        • Murphy SP
        • Bunch SJ
        • Kaiser LL
        • et al.
        Validation of a brief checklist to evaluate nutrition education interventions. Final report to USDA. USDA/FNS grant no. 59-31-3198-6-046. University of California, Davis, CA1998
      1. Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program. EFNEP Evaluation/Reporting System user's guide. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, Washington, DC1997
        • Bell L
        • Anliker J
        • Miller C
        • Harkins M
        • Gabor V
        Food stamp nutrition education study. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Alexandria, VA2000
        • Hersey J
        • Bell L
        • Hawkins M
        • Matheson JC
        • Shiveley L
        • Zimmerman B
        Evaluation of statewide nutrition education demonstration project. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 1999
        • Shah BV
        • Barnwell BG
        • Bieler GS
        SUDAAN user's manual, release 7.5. Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC1997
        • Mantel N
        • Haenszel W
        Statistical aspects of the analysis of data from retrospective studies of disease.
        J Natl Cancer Inst. 1959; 22: 719-748
        • SAS Institute
        SAS user guide. SAS Institute, Cary, NC1985
        • Food Marketing Institute
        Trends in the United States: consumer attitudes and the supermarket. Food Marketing Institute, Washington, DC1998
        • Willett W
        Nutritional epidemiology. Oxford University Press, New York1998
        • Parmenter K
        • Wardle J
        Evaluation and design of nutrition knowledge measures.
        J Nutr Educ. 2000; 32: 270-277
        • Food and Nutrition Board, Subcommittee on the Tenth Edition of the Recommended Dietary Allowances, National Research Council
        Recommended dietary allowances. 10th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC1989
        • Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
        Dietary reference intakes for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington, DC1997
        • Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
        Dietary reference intakes for thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. National Academy Press, Washington, DC1998
        • Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
        Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids. National Academy Press, Washington, DC2000
      2. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Prepublication copy available at