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Research Article| Volume 41, ISSUE 6, P380-388, November 2009

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Creating Healthful Home Food Environments: Results of a Study with Participants in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program

      Abstract

      Objective

      To evaluate a modified curriculum for the 6-session Texas Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) promoting healthful home food environments and parenting skills related to obesity prevention.

      Design

      Two-group randomized control trial; intervention versus usual EFNEP curriculum.

      Setting

      Texas EFNEP classes.

      Participants

      1,104 EFNEP clients in 100 classes.

      Intervention

      Six short videos, with goal setting, problem solving, guided discussion, and handouts, incorporated into existing EFNEP classes.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Body mass index (BMI), diet, psychosocial variables with baseline measurements, immediately post, and 4 months later.

      Analysis

      Mixed-model repeated measures analysis of variance.

      Results

      100 classes were randomized (54 intervention/46 comparison), with 1,006 participants at baseline (582 intervention, 424 comparison, 97% women, 89% Hispanic). Significant improvements over time were found for both groups' consumption of most food items and nutrients, and nearly all psychosocial variables, regardless of study group. Only the intervention group had a significant BMI decrease at post. Fidelity to the intervention class session structure was high, and comments from intervention staff and clients were positive.

      Conclusion and Implications

      Existing EFNEP programs in local communities could have a significant impact on family dietary behaviors for populations at risk of obesity. Replication with similar populations is warranted.

      Key Words

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