Research Article| Volume 43, ISSUE 6, P449-454, November 2011

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Relationship among Food-safety Knowledge, Beliefs, and Risk-reduction Behavior in University Students in Japan



      To identify whether university students who have both food-safety knowledge and beliefs perform risk-reduction behaviors.


      Cross-sectional research using a questionnaire that included food-safety knowledge, perceptions, risk-reduction behavior, stages for the selection of safer food based on the Transtheoretical Model, and demographic characteristics.


      Four universities in eastern Japan and 2 universities in western Japan.


      University students (n = 799).

      Main Outcome Measures

      Food-safety knowledge, beliefs, and risk-reduction behaviors.


      Answers on measures assessing risk perception and food-safety knowledge were combined to form 4 groups of participants. Relationships among demographic characteristics, the 4 groups, risk-reduction behaviors, stage of change, and severity and susceptibility were assessed.


      The proportion of students who had more knowledge of food safety and a belief that “there are no 100% safe food items” was high in the group that frequently performed risk-reduction behaviors, as it was in the group who had taken a basic class about food or health care and who had, or were working toward, a food or nutrition qualification.

      Conclusions and Implications

      University students who thought that there were no 100% safe food items and who had more knowledge about food safety were more likely to confirm food-safety information when selecting food.

      Key Words

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