Research Brief| Volume 45, ISSUE 2, P176-182, March 2013

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Measuring Parent Time Scarcity and Fatigue as Barriers to Meal Planning and Preparation: Quantitative Scale Development

Published:December 18, 2012DOI:



      To examine the psychometric properties of 9 quantitative items that assess time scarcity and fatigue as parent barriers to planning and preparing meals for their children.


      A convenience sample of 342 parents of children aged 2-6 years completed a 20-minute online survey. Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine the factor structure and create summary scales. Internal consistency reliability and measures of construct and concurrent validity were assessed.


      Two scales were created based on the factor analysis: time and energy for meals and meal planning. Preliminary evidence suggests that both scales are reliable and valid.

      Conclusions and Implications

      The time and energy for meals and meal planning scales can be completed quickly by busy and tired parents. As many children do not eat nutritious diets, a better understanding of the barriers that parents face is critical and may help inform interventions tailored to the needs of tired, busy parents.

      Key Words

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      • Erratum
        Journal of Nutrition Education and BehaviorVol. 46Issue 5
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          The March/April 2013 issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior carried a Research Brief entitled Measuring Parent Time Scarcity and Fatigue as Barriers to Meal Planning and Preparation: Quantitative Scale Development (JNEB 2013;45:176-182. ). Item #4 of Table 2 should read, “When I am tired or running late, I grab something quick for dinner for my children such as fast food.” Also, the last line of the Discussion section on page 180 should read, “… (eg, test-retest reliability) …” The authors regret any inconvenience caused.
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