To describe the Spanish adaptation of My Child at Mealtime (MCMT), a previously validated, visually enhanced, self-assessment tool to measure feeding practices of low-income parents of preschoolers.
A convenience sample of 17 Spanish-speaking Head Start parents with 2-5 year old children underwent cognitive interviews on “Mi Niño a la Hora de Comer” (MNHC), the Spanish version of MCMT. Adaptation of the tool involved a multistage, iterative process that included forward translation, face-validation through cognitive interviews with the target audience, and examination of conceptual consistency with the English version by the research team, including a native Spanish-speaking dietitian.
Eleven of the 27 items in the tool were modified according to participants’ feedback, examined for conceptual consistency, and retested in consecutive interview rounds (n=4), each comprised of a different set of participants. Changes included: adding (3 items), replacing (3 items), or removing words (5 items); adding (1 item) or replacing examples (1 item); and replacing pictures (5 items). Most changes (94%) occurred after the first and second rounds. Five items were refined to a final version after 2 evaluation rounds; six items were refined after round three.
Conclusions and Implications
Face-validity and conceptual consistency of MNHC was achieved after an iterative adaptation process. Next steps include testing this Spanish-adapted version of the tool for criterion validity, internal reliability, and time stability.
USDA Grant #2015-68001-23280
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© 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc.