To describe cooking skills youth demonstrated in user-generated videos in response to bi-weekly cooking lessons.
Study Design, Settings, Participants
The iCook 4-H project taught youth (9-10 years old) and their adult main meal preparer how to cook, eat, and play together. Participants received cameras to take home to create videos on topics they learned about in cooking sessions.
Outcome Measures and Analysis
After video narration and coding training, IRR testing revealed >80% agreement across four trained researchers. Participant videos (n=172) were narrated and thematically coded by two researchers independently. A third researcher compared the narrations and codes and resolved any discrepancies. Frequencies of codes were determined using NVivo software.
Cutting, mixing, and measuring were the most frequent cooking techniques demonstrated. Cutting skills were evenly demonstrated among males and females (n=45, n=40, respectively), but females practiced proficient knife skills at twice the frequency of males (n=13, n=6, respectively). Handwashing was actively demonstrated in 27 videos. The recipes prepared were most often low and medium levels of complexity (48.1% and 43.8%, respectively). Of the 66 observations in which a child asked for help, 74.2% were requests from males. Male youth received more positive comments during cooking from an adult than females (n=59 and n=36, respectively).
Conclusions and Implications
The cooking skills demonstrated in these videos provided insight as to what participants learned in the sessions. The skills demonstrated in the videos reflected the content of the curriculum and provide qualitative support for the efficacy of the iCook 4-H program. Differences observed by gender warrant further investigation.
© 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.