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Water: The Foundation of a Healthy Body

      Water serves numerous roles in the human body, including lubrication of joints, temperature maintenance, and excretion of waste products.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Water & Nutrition. https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/nutrition/index.html. Accessed March 29, 2019.

      On average, adults drink about 39 oz of water daily, and youths, 15 oz/d.
      • Drewnowski A
      • Rehm CD
      • Constant F
      Water and beverage consumption among adults in the United States: cross-sectional study using data from NHANES 2005-2010.
      • Drewnowski A
      • Rehm CD
      • Constant F
      Water and beverage consumption among children age 4–13 y in the United States: analyses of 2005-2010 NHANES data.
      Along with its multifaceted functions, water may have a role in weight management according to a systematic review.
      • Daniels MC
      • Popkin BM.
      The impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review.
      A study
      • Jeong JN.
      Effect of pre-meal water consumption on energy intake and satiety in nonobese young adults.
      conducted with 15 individuals showed that water consumption before meals reduced energy consumption without reducing the satiety level.
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      References

      1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Water & Nutrition. https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/nutrition/index.html. Accessed March 29, 2019.

        • Drewnowski A
        • Rehm CD
        • Constant F
        Water and beverage consumption among adults in the United States: cross-sectional study using data from NHANES 2005-2010.
        BMC Public Health. 2013; 13: 1068
        • Drewnowski A
        • Rehm CD
        • Constant F
        Water and beverage consumption among children age 4–13 y in the United States: analyses of 2005-2010 NHANES data.
        Nutr J. 2013; 12: 85
        • Daniels MC
        • Popkin BM.
        The impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review.
        Nutr Rev. 2013; 68: 505-521
        • Jeong JN.
        Effect of pre-meal water consumption on energy intake and satiety in nonobese young adults.
        Clin Nutr Res. 2018; 7: 291-296
        • Institute of Medicine, National Academies
        Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate.
        National Academies Press, Washington, DC2005