Advertisement

Discourse Analysis: A Novel Analytical Technique for Qualitative Nutrition Research

  • Author Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Jaime S. Foster
    Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Affiliations
    Connecticut Food Bank, Wallingford, CT
    Search for articles by this author
  • Robin S. Grenier
    Affiliations
    Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Emily A. Taylor
    Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Affiliations
    Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Amy R. Mobley
    Correspondence
    Address for correspondence: Amy R. Mobley, Department of Health Education and Behavior, University of Florida, 1864 Stadium Rd, Gainesville, FL 32611
    Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.
    Affiliations
    Department of Health Education and Behavior, University of Florida, Gaineseville, FL
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    † Dr Foster, Dr Mobley, and Ms Taylor were affiliated with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, at the time this study was completed.

      Abstract

      The objective of this report was to demonstrate the use of discourse analysis as a qualitative nutrition research analysis tool based on a case study of food-insecure parents. The US Department of Agriculture 18-item Household Food Security Module served as a framework for cognitive interviews. Data were analyzed using a basic inductive technique and then reanalyzed using discourse analysis. Discourse analysis tools including position design and identity building, I and we statements, collocational patterns, and the figured world tool unveiled findings otherwise not detected using basic inductive techniques. Discourse analysis and corresponding tools can contribute to qualitative nutrition research, particularly in inductive thesis-generating work.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access

      SNEB Member Login

      SNEB Members, full access to the journal is a member benefit. Login via the SNEB Website to access all journal content and features.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Gee JP.
        An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method.
        Routledge, New York2014
        • Gee JP.
        How to Do Discourse Analysis: A Toolkit.
        Routledge, New York2011
      1. Merriam SB Qualitative Research in Practice: Examples for Discussion and Analysis. 1st edition. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA2002
        • Gee JP
        • Allen AR
        • Clinton K
        Language, class, and identity: teenagers fashioning themselves through language.
        Linguist Educ. 2001; 12: 175-194
        • Alexander CN
        • Lauderdale P
        Situated identities and social influence.
        Sociometry. 1977; 40: 225-233
      2. Foster JS, Schwartz MB, Grenier RS, Burke MP, Taylor EA, Mobley AR. A qualitative investigation into the U.S. Department of Agriculture 18-item Household Food Security Survey Module: variations in interpretation, understanding and report by gender [published online ahead of print September 17, 2018]. J Public Affairs. https://doi.org/10.1002/pa.1861.

        • Bickel G
        • Nord M
        • Price C
        • Hamilton W
        • Cook J
        Guide to Measuring Household Food Security.
        US Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation, Alexandria, VA2000
        • Collins D
        Pretesting survey instruments: an overview of cognitive methods.
        Qual Life Res. 2003; 12: 229-238
        • Grenier RS
        • Dudzinska-Przesmitzki D.
        A conceptual model for eliciting mental models using a composite methodology.
        Hum Resour Dev Rev. 2015; 14: 163-184
      3. Foster JS, Adamsons K, Vollmer RL, Mobley AR. A pilot study of low-income mothers and fathers of preschool age children to determine the relationship of food security and nutrition assistance on feeding style and child body weight [published online ahead of print June 29, 2018]. J Hunger Environ Nutr. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2018.1491363.

        • Matheson J
        • McIntyre L.
        Women respondents report higher household food insecurity than do men in similar Canadian households.
        Public Health Nutr. 2014; 17: 40-48
        • Radimer KL
        • Olson CM
        • Campbell CC
        Development of indicators to assess hunger.
        J Nutr. 1990; 120: 1544-1548
        • Hankin BL
        • Abramson LY.
        Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression in adolescence: reliability, validity, and gender differences.
        J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2002; 31: 491-504
        • Bornstein MH
        • Bradley RH.
        Socioeconomic Status, Parenting, and Child Development.
        Routledge, New York2014
        • Moss PA.
        Themes and variations in validity theory.
        Educ Meas Issues Pract. 2005; 14: 5-13
        • Parry HJ
        • Crossley HM.
        Validity of responses to survey questions.
        Public Opin Q. 1950; 14: 61-80
        • McCoach DB
        • Gable RK
        • Madura JP
        Instrument Development in the Affective Domain: School and Corporate Applications.
        3rd edition. Springer, New York2013
        • Kilmartin C.
        Depression in men: communication, diagnosis and therapy.
        J Mens Health Gend. 2005; 2: 95-99
        • Piccinelli M
        • Wilkinson G.
        Gender differences in depression: critical review.
        Br J Psychiatry. 2000; 177: 486-492
        • Borys S
        • Perlman D.
        Gender differences in loneliness.
        Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 1985; 11: 63-74
        • Addis ME.
        Gender and depression in men.
        Clin Psychol Sci. 2008; 15: 153-168
        • Russell D
        • Peplau LA
        • Ferguson ML
        Developing a measure of loneliness.
        J Pers Assess. 1978; 42: 290-294
        • West C
        • Fenstermaker S
        Doing difference.
        Gend Soc. 1995; 9: 8-37
        • Kitzinger C
        Doing gender: a conversation analytic perspective.
        Gend Soc. 2009; 23: 94-98