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P194 Validity and Reliability of Knowledge, Attitude, Perception and Behaviors on Healthy Feeding in School-Age Children in Panama

      Background

      Given the growing problem of overweight among school-aged children in Panama, understanding their food related knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and behaviors (KAPB) through valid, reliable and culturally appropriate instruments is critical in addressing in a more comprehensive way the obesity epidemic.

      Objective

      To describe the development and validation of an instrument to assess food related KAPB in school children in Panama, which used as a conceptual foundation the recent national Food Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs).

      Study Design, Settings, Participants

      The instrument development and validation consisted on the following three-stage process: conceptualization and construction of the instrument, primarily based on the Panamá FBDGs; expert reviews (n = 6); and phsycometric testing, including internal consistency and confirmatory factor analysis. For the psychometric testing, the sample size included 248 school-age children of 7-13 years old, from five elementary schools in Panama West Province.

      Measurable Outcome/Analysis

      A valid, reliable and culturally appropriate instrument to assess healthy eating related KAPB in school-children in Panama.

      Results

      The adequacy of the sample was acceptable of 0.8052, determined by The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index. The CFA yield four factors related to healthy eating habits and lifestyles, with good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.5).

      Conclusion

      This study provides a tested instrument, with acceptable psychometric properties, which can be potentially used to measure healthy eating habits and lifestyles in school-age children in Panama within the context of multi-sectoral childhood obesity prevention programs.
      Funding: UNFAO.

      Appendix. Supplementary data