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      Healthful food choices throughout life can reduce the risk of developing chronic health conditions, including heart disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and obesity. People of all ages need a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, fat-free and low-fat dairy products (or another source of calcium), a variety of protein foods, and healthful oils.

      US Department of Health and Human Services, US Department of Agriculture. 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2015. https://health.gov/our-work/food-and-nutrition/2015-2020-dietary-guidelines/. Accessed January 31, 2020.

      In addition to consuming nutritious foods, children aged 6–17 years should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity appropriate to their age.

      US Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2018. https://health.gov/sites/default/files/2019-09/Physical_Activity_Guidelines_2nd_edition.pdf. Accessed February 7, 2020.

      Physical activity should include aerobic, muscle, and bone-strengthening activities for their varied health benefits.
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      REFERENCES

      1. US Department of Health and Human Services, US Department of Agriculture. 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2015. https://health.gov/our-work/food-and-nutrition/2015-2020-dietary-guidelines/. Accessed January 31, 2020.

      2. US Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2018. https://health.gov/sites/default/files/2019-09/Physical_Activity_Guidelines_2nd_edition.pdf. Accessed February 7, 2020.

      3. National Cancer Institute. Usual dietary intakes: U.S. population, 2007–2010. https://epi.grants.cancer.gov/diet/usualintakes. Accessed February 7, 2020.

      4. The Child & Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative (CAHMI). The national survey of children's health. https://www.childhealthdata.org/learn-about-the-nsch/NSCH. Accessed January 31, 2020.