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P17 Health and Diabetes Perspectives of Mexican-Origin Males at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes (HD-MxOM): A Qualitative Study

      Background

      The combination of rapid population growth and diabetes prevalence disparities convey an alarming health trajectory for the Hispanic population. Hispanics represent the largest minority group in the United States, with current trends expected to double the Hispanic population to 111 million by 2060. The prevalence of diabetes among Hispanics is 16.4%, second only to non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics hold the third highest prevalence of prediabetes at 31.7%. Furthermore, males of Mexican descent have the highest rates of diabetes (14.2%), overweight (80%) and obesity (43%) across all ethnic groups.

      Objective

      Explore the perspectives on diabetes, nutrition, and health among native Spanish-speaking, Mexican origin males at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D).

      Study Design, Setting, Participants

      The present qualitative study utilized audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews of Spanish-speaking, Mexican-origin males, between the ages of 40 and 64 at risk for T2D. At risk for T2D was defined as >40 years of age, (BMI >27), and formal exercise less than 3 times per week.

      Measurable Outcome/Analysis

      Data collected included clinical (height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure) and demographic (time living in the US, marital status, employment, income, educational attainment, and physical activity). The audio data from the 15 participants were transcribed and underwent 3 cycle coding for categorization and thematic analysis.

      Results

      Barriers to health behavior among Mexican-origin males include: poor understanding of diabetes and nutrition knowledge, unreliable sources of health information, medical machismo, and socioeconomic status. Novel findings include perspectives of intense diabetes severity, personal responsibility for health, and sociocultural barriers such as pediatric health formation.

      Conclusions

      HD-MxOM represents the first, theory-based study for the exploration of diabetes perspectives among Mexican-origin males. The emergent themes include a poor understanding of diabetes and nutrition, inhibitory sociocultural forces such as medical machismo and valemadrismo, and low health prioritization. These findings provide educators and clinicians essential information for optimization of program development and clinical interaction with Hispanic men.
      Funding: Texas Woman's University Small Grant Program.

      Appendix. Supplementary data