Research Article| Volume 53, ISSUE 3, P204-210, March 2021

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Effectiveness of Music in Enhancing Nutrition Education Outcomes Among Adolescents

  • Seyi E. Ogunsile
    Address for correspondence: Seyi E. Ogunsile, PhD, Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ekiti State University, Iworoko Road, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti 360211, Nigeria
    Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria
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Published:December 23, 2020DOI:



      To determine the effectiveness of healthy eating songs (HES) in improving adolescents’ healthy eating knowledge, attitude, and practice.


      Pretest-posttest quasi-experimental nonequivalent group design. Students from 2 of the selected schools (n = 37 and n = 35) received nutrition education using conventional classroom instruction and HES, whereas the other 2 (n = 30 and n = 31) received theirs using conventional classroom instruction only.


      Ibadan, Nigeria.


      A total of 133 students selected from 4 junior secondary schools participated in the study.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Changes in healthy eating knowledge, attitude, and practice at the school level.


      Independent t tests were used for analyzing summary data, whereas the linear mixed model was used to analyze the fixed effects of predictor variables at P < 0.05.


      Nutrition education had a significant effect on knowledge (F = 65.7, P < 0.001), attitude (F = 85.2, P < 0.001), and practice (F = 131.5, P < 0.001). Improvement in knowledge, attitude, and practice was observed in both groups. However, the intervention group performed better than the comparison group in knowledge (95% confidence interval [CI], −0.1 to 2.8), attitude (95% CI, 1.7–9.7), and practice (95% CI, 2.8–5.8). Geographical location had a significant effect on knowledge (F = 7.1, P = 0.005). Interaction effect of treatment and geographical location was significant on knowledge and attitude of students.

      Conclusions and Implications

      The use of HES may be an effective way of improving adolescents’ healthy eating knowledge, attitude, and practice. However, testing culturally appropriate HES in more diverse audiences is warranted.

      Key Words

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