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P82 Food Neophobia Among Korean Young Adult in Their 20s Focusing on its Association with Fruit and Vegetable Preference, Acceptance and Perceived Intake

      Background

      Food neophobia is indicated as 1 of the most critical factors affecting reduced preferences for, and lower intakes of fruits and vegetables.

      Objective

      This study aimed to explore whether food neophobia contributes to preference, acceptance and perceived daily intake of fruits and vegetables among Korean young adults in their 20s.

      Study Design, Setting, Participants

      An on-line survey was conducted from February 18-24, 2020 to Korean young adults (male: 570, female: 707) in their 20s. A survey questionnaire was developed to include the food neophobia scale and to assess respondents’ preference, acceptance, and perceived daily intake of fruits and vegetables in diversity and amount. Other dietary habits related to taste preferences and perceived healthiness were also measured.

      Measurable Outcome/Analysis

      Respondents were divided into 3 groups according to food neophobia score distribution (low, middle or high). The distributive differences among the 3 groups were analyzed using a chi-squared test according to respondents’ general characteristics (gender, BMI, education level. and income level). Significant differences in vegetable and fruit consumption (ie, preference, acceptance, and perceived daily intake) were measured across the food neophobia groups by using ANOVA. All statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS program at the significance level of 0.05.

      Results

      The results showed that females were more likely to be food neophobic than males. Higher level of food neophobia was significantly associated with lower preference, acceptance, and perceived daily intake of fruits and vegetables both in diversity and amount. Young adults with higher level of food neophobia were more likely to prefer salty foods, but less likely to perceive themselves to be healthy.

      Conclusion

      The results suggest that food neophobia may negatively influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Korean young adults.
      Funding National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2019R1G1A1100488).

      Appendix. Supplementary data