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P94 Preliminary Efficacy of the ‘Super Dads Super Kids’ Web-Based Nutrition Education Program on Determinants of Behavior and Health Behaviors of Asian Indian Fathers and Their Elementary School-Age Children

      Background

      Fathers’ nutrition knowledge, attitudes and child feeding practices impact children's eating behavior and future weight. There is a need to target fathers in child nutrition education interventions, especially in ethnic groups like Asian Indians (AI).

      Objective

      The study aimed to examine the efficacy of a social cognitive theory (SCT) based online nutrition education program on determinants of behavior (knowledge, self-efficacy) and behavior (healthy eating, physical activity) in AI fathers and their children.

      Study design, Settings, Participants

      Ninety-eight AI fathers of 6-11-year-old children from various Indian communities in Florida were recruited to participate in the web-based nutrition education program. Fathers were asked to engage with the intervention for 6 weeks and topics included father's role in child health, ideal child feeding practices, healthy eating and physical activity. Validated survey questionnaires at baseline, post-intervention (6 weeks) and follow up (12 weeks) assessed participants’ knowledge, child feeding, self-efficacy, self-regulation, diet and physical activity for fathers and their children.

      Analysis

      Descriptive statistics and Repeated Measures ANOVA were performed through SPSS v 26.

      Results

      Majority of AI fathers were between 35-44 years (75.5%). There was a statistically significant increase on the AI fathers’ nutrition knowledge (F = 120.93, P < 0.01), self-efficacy (F = 19.980, P < 0.01), self-regulation (F = 10.387, P < 0.01), overall diet quality (F = 12.257, P < 0.01), physical activity (F = 32.790, P < 0.01) and a reduction in restrictive feeding practices (F = 5.683, P = 0.004) through the intervention. Improvements were also noted in father reported child fruit and vegetable intake (F = 30.821, P < 0.01), total fat consumed/day (F = 4.040, P = 0.020) and physical activity minutes (F = 15.018, P < 0.01). Post hoc analyses revealed significant changes between baseline and post-intervention for all 9 outcomes and post-intervention and follow up for AI fathers’ diet related self-efficacy and self-regulation scores.

      Conclusion

      Web-based interventions are effective to improve behavioral determinants and behavior in AI fathers’ and their children. Future studies should consider diverse AI father groups for childhood obesity prevention.
      Funding None.

      Appendix. Supplementary data