To investigate the effects of narrative group counseling combined with diet modification and exercise plans on weight loss in Iranian women with obesity.
Parallel 2-arm clinical trial.
Fifty-six Iranian women with obesity (aged 18–50 years).
The intervention group included weekly diet, exercise, and narrative-focused group counseling, whereas the comparison group included dietary modification and exercise sessions for 8 months (32 sessions).
Main Outcome Measure
Anthropometric and body composition parameters, blood biochemical parameters (high-density lipoproteins, low-density lipoproteins, triglycerides, fasting blood sugar, ghrelin, obestatin), physical activities, and appetite scores.
McNemar test was used for the variables that were not normally distributed and for scaling. Furthermore, t tests were used to compare quantitative variables with normal distributions. The original P (0.05) was adjusted to P = 0.0031 using the Bonferroni correction.
Weight, body mass index, body fat proportion, and hip circumference decreased significantly in the intervention vs comparison group. Serum low-density lipoproteins, triglycerides, total cholesterol, fasting blood sugar, appetite score, and ghrelin decreased, whereas obestatin increased significantly in the intervention vs comparison group.
Conclusions and Implications
Narrative-focused group counseling combined with traditional strategies was effective in achieving significant changes in weight, body mass index, and appetite. Future studies with a more diverse audience and a longer follow-up are warranted.
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Published online: July 29, 2022
Accepted: April 5, 2022
Conflict of Interest Disclosure: The authors have not stated any conflicts of interest.
© 2022 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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- Making sure to keep the person in personalized nutritionJournal of Nutrition Education and BehaviorVol. 54Issue 10
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