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P061 Mango Consumption is Associated with Greater Nutrient and Fruit Intakes, Better Diet Quality and Weight Outcomes in Children

      Background

      The 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans highlights healthy eating patterns and puts emphasis on culturally appropriate food groups and traditions. However, whole fruit consumption in the US falls well below these recommendations and there is little research published that examines mango consumption within US dietary patterns.

      Objective

      To compare nutrient intakes, total fruit intakes (all fruits, including mango), diet quality, and weight-related outcomes in children mango consumers relative to non-consumers.

      Study Design, Setting, Participants

      Daily dietary intake data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2018 were used to conduct a secondary analysis.

      Measurable Outcome/Analysis

      Least square means for nutrient and fruit intakes, diet quality and health outcomes for healthy children (9-13 y, n = 3,716; 14-18 y, N = 3,321) mango consumers were compared to non-consumers. Completed and reliable 24-hour recall data were considered in the study.

      Results

      Both younger and older children consuming mangoes had significantly greater daily intakes of dietary fiber, magnesium, potassium, folate DFE, vitamins A, B12, C, and E, and significantly lower intakes of added sugar, and sodium, compared with non-consumers of similar ages. Younger and older children mango consumers also demonstrated a significantly better overall diet quality when compared with non-consumers, respectively (9-13 y: 55.1 ± 2.8 vs. 46.4 ± 0.4, P < 0.003; 14-18 y: 55.8±3.0 vs. 45.6 ± 0.3, P = 0.001). Similarly, both age groups of mango consuming children had significantly greater daily intake of total fruit (9-13 y: 2.3±0.2 vs. 1.0 ± 0.04, P < 0.0001; 14-18 y: 2.7 ± 0.5 vs. 0.9 ± 0.04, P = 0.001). Waist circumferences in mango consumers were 6.5 ± 2.7 cm smaller in older children relative to non-consumers. Older male mango consumers, but not females, had lower BMI z-scores compared to non-consumers.

      Conclusions

      Daily mango consumption in children is associated with significantly greater total fruit intake relative to non-consumers. Indeed, daily mango consumption in children was associated with more than double the total fruit intake compared to non-consumers. Further, mango consumption in children is associated with improved nutrient intakes and a greater diet quality score.

      Funding

      National Mango Board

      SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

      Supplementary data related to this article can be found at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2022.04.101.

      Appendix. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA